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  • India has a Federal Republic Government, established in 1947 after it became independent.
  • The Indian political system is supported by Executive, Legislative and Judicial branches.
  • The political governance system in India was established by the ‘Constitution of India’ in the year 1950. It has given India’s Union Government the governing authority of all its administrative divisions, which comprise of 28 states and 7 union territories.
  • The Executive branch is constituted by India’s President, Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers.
  • The Legislative branch is made up of the dual functioning of Lok Sabha or the House of the People and the Rajya Sabha or the Council of States.
  • The Judicial branch is composed of the Supreme Court, High Courts and subordinate courts. India follows the British law which has been amended to suit local conditions.